Report: Supporting a ‘New Channel’ of Agency Banking in Uganda for UNCDF
It was a pretty big deal when UNCDF partnered with five banks in Uganda to design and roll out agency banking throughout the country of some 43 million people.
It was a pretty big deal when UNCDF partnered with five banks in Uganda
to design and roll out agency banking throughout the country of some 43 million
people. With mobile money services active since 2009, the banks were eager to
engage in branchless banking activities, pending the issuing of regulation from
Bank of Uganda in 2017.
As a result, agency banking is now becoming business-as-usual in many
areas there – thanks to the success of this UNCDF project. PHB has been
honored to contribute its consulting expertise to the strategy and design, the
development and implementation of the pilot project, and then to the
publication of the final report on this large undertaking.
The release of the report in February 2019, “Introducing Agency Banking in Uganda: A New Channel to Increase
Financial Inclusion,” details expertise applied and learned in
supporting the roll-out of agency banking from September 2016 to July 2018.
“There are now hundreds of thousands of clients able to access the five
partnering banks’ services remotely, through thousands of agents spread across
the country,” said Ciprian Panturu, a partner of PHB Development who was
embedded in the UNCDF project to manage the pilot and supervise technical
assistance to participating banks. “PHB has worked with UNCDF in projects
around the world, either by providing technical assistance to its partners or
by managing projects. I’m glad they trusted our expertise once again –
especially here in fast-paced Uganda – to help achieve the intended results.”
And, it should be mentioned that Ciprian is also lead author of the
Results of the pilot were largely successful compared to similar
initiatives in other countries. Factors in the success include application of
previous experience in designing such a multi-stakeholder pilot, national
conducive context, and there was a clearly identified need for such an
alternative delivery channel from the financial institutions.
“We applied a combination of internal and external learning within the
project: what we assumed during the design had been thoroughly tested and
proven throughout the implementation of the pilots, and then adjusted to
maintain a cohesive logic of the channel within the banks’ ecosystems” said
Ciprian, “It was crucial to ensure that the banks had a head start with
expertise accumulated through similar implementations, and hands-on support
that they needed for this to be a success – and I believe this was delivered.”
Some of the key findings and confirmations from the Uganda Agency
Banking report include:
Agency banking is a complex channel to build, and
banks should approach such transitions as aClients can now access banks’ services through agents around the
reshaping of their general strategies – with a human-centric design.
Rolling out agency banking requires a sustained,
flexible and proactive approach – along with regular operations. Banks needed
to provide sound systems carrying relevant services, to monitor agents and
their operators, as well as acquire, educate and retain customers. It is also
important to understand that change takes time, and real proof of value comes
only through verifiable results.
Banks identified rural schools and savings and
credit cooperatives (SACCOs) as ideal agents to start with, ensuring
transaction volumes in addition to sufficient liquidity to handle them.
Waiting times in agent onboarding may decrease
motivation, and agency banking regulations requiring Bank of Uganda approval
for each agent, as well as proof of having a regulated account for a minimum of
6 months, can make agent selection difficult in rural areas.
Payments for goods, services, utilities and school fees attract early adopters – who also seek to avoid transportation costs and travel time. Established value chains should also be explored to increase adoption by new customer segments.
Fewer women initially adopt the channel, but when they do, they make regular transactions. For example, female customers represented only about 20 percent of all customers at one bank, but 94 percent were active. In contrast, only about 56 per cent of its male customers were active.
PHB’s track record of providing expert consultation
for UNCDF includes the launch of digital financial services in Lao PDR over
a four year period from 2014-2018. In Laos, PHB worked with a wide network of stakeholders for an extended period to help build
the DFS ecosystem from the ground up. PHB also helped support a digital payment system with UNCDF from
2016 – 2018 in Benin for the Zem moto-taxi drivers and their passengers, thus
increasing financial inclusion for essential service providers in the cities.
Digital Financial Services: Bringing Stability to Small Farms so They Can Grow
The use of DFS such as agricultural microcredit can lead to key contributions in the improvement of value chains, from the timely acquisition of quality raw materials to the methods of storage and implementation.
How Digital Financial Services help smallholder farmers
Smallholder farmers are realising the benefits of on-demand digital financial services (DFS) to help improve farm resilience to unexpected conditions and to acquire funds for investing in better materials. As a result, many low-income farmers are increasing the consistency and quality of their yields – even as they conduct transactions while in the fields.
The use of DFS such as agricultural microcredit can lead to key contributions in the improvement of value chains, from the timely acquisition of quality raw materials to the methods of storage and implementation. Similarly, agricultural leases provide farmers with options to use helpful tools and products that would otherwise not be available to them.
And with increased yields, what about ensuring fair deals when selling their produce? Farmers can use digital agri-info systems that provide updates on current market prices – and weather forecasts – so they are equipped with this information before making transactions. DFS also allows buyers and sellers to make instant transactions, thus increasing trust and strengthening relations that benefit their farming business in the long run. Mobile Wallets – a way to use credit or debit card information on a mobile device – is a related service that provides a better sense of security when handling transaction funds in the presence of others.
DFS technology is even being used to mitigate emerging threats from
nature. Microinsurance can provide a “safety net” for risks to farming, including
from increasingly unpredictable weather patterns caused by climate change.
Without such protection, farmers’ basic survival against uncontrollable
elements can be less certain.
Financial and IT companies are increasingly working together to create digital financial products, such as MoKash, to optimise results for farmers who may operate near subsistence level to improve their livelihoods. The broader impact of these initiatives, as a result, becomes more visible in the overall economic improvement of the countries.